The official 1997 E&M Guidelnes issued by CMS

1997 EM Guideliness
Download your PDF copy of the 1997 E&M Guidelines

What are E&M Services?


Not all medical services are covered under the 1997 E&M Guidelines. Surgeries, lab tests, preventative medicine, counseling, and imaging studies have separate documentation rules.

What needs to be documented for E&M services?

The 1997 E&M Guidelines state that each patient encounter must include a medical history, examination, and medical decision making (MDM). Each documentation component requires certain types of information to be documented in the medical record.

Documentation Components from the 1997 E&M Guidelines:

Medical History

  • Chief Complaint (CC)
  • History of Present Illness (HPI)
  • Past Family and Social History (PFSH)
  • Review of Systems (ROS)

Physical Exam

Medical Decision Making (MDM)

  • The number of diagnosis or management options
  • Amount and complexity of medical data reviewed
  • Risk of significant complications, morbidity, or mortality

References for the 1997 E&M Guidelines

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